How to play darts for beginners-Learn,tips

Darts is an exciting and accessible game that anyone can learn to play. Whether you’re looking for a casual activity to enjoy with friends or a new hobby to master, darts offers a perfect blend of skill, strategy, and fun. In this guide, we’ll take you through the basics of playing darts, from setting up your dartboard to perfecting your throw. So, let’s dive right in and learn How to play darts for beginners.

how to play darts for beginners

Origins of the Darts Game

Darts are thought to have originated in England in the medieval era. It was first mentioned in print in 1597, and by the early 1800s, it was a popular pub game. The game eventually made its way to America, where it became a popular pastime in bars and taverns. Today, darts are enjoyed by millions of people around the world.

Getting Started: Setting Up Your Dartboard and Area

Before you can start playing darts, you need to set up your playing area properly. Here’s how to do it:

Choosing the Right Location

Pick a location with enough space to stand at a comfortable distance from the dartboard. You should have plenty of room to move around and throw without any obstructions.

Proper Dartboard Installation

Hang the dartboard at a height of 5 feet 8 inches from the floor to the centre of the bullseye. The throwing line, also known as the “oche,” should be 7 feet 9.25 inches away from the dartboard. Make sure the dartboard is securely fastened and levelled to ensure fair gameplay.

Dartboard Maintenance

Regularly check the dartboard for any signs of wear and tear. Rotate the dartboard regularly to prevent excessive wear on specific areas. Remove any dirt or debris from the dartboard’s surface using a soft brush to maintain its condition.

Choosing Your Darts: Types and Components

Selecting the right darts is essential for an enjoyable playing experience. Let’s explore the different types of darts and their components:

Steel-Tip Darts vs. Soft-Tip Darts

Steel-tip darts are commonly used for traditional dartboards made of sisal fibers. Soft-tip darts, on the other hand, are designed for electronic dartboards with plastic segments. Choose the type that matches your playing preference and equipment.

Anatomy of a Dart

A standard dart consists of four main parts: the point, barrel, shaft, and flight. Each component plays a role in the dart’s flight and stability. Experiment with different combinations to find the right setup for your throw.

Selecting the Right Dart Weight and Style

Dart weights vary, typically ranging from 18 to 26 grams. Beginners often find success with lighter darts, as they are easier to control. As you gain experience, you can experiment with different weights and styles to find your perfect match.

Essential Equipment and Accessories

To play darts effectively, you’ll need more than just darts and a dartboard. Let’s take a look at some essential equipment and accessories:


There are various types of dartboards available, including bristle dartboards and electronic dartboards. Bristle dartboards are made of sisal fibers and are the standard choice for serious players. Electronic dartboards offer interactive features and automatic scoring.

Dart Cases and Storage

Invest in a dart case to keep your darts organized and protected. A good dart case will have compartments for your darts, extra flights, shafts, and other accessories. This helps you keep track of your equipment and prevents damage during transport.

Flights and Shafts

Flights come in different shapes and sizes, each affecting the dart’s trajectory. Slim flights are generally more stable, while standard flights provide more lift. Experiment with different flight styles to find the one that suits your throwing technique.

Understanding the Basic Rules of Darts

Now that you’re all set up with the right equipment, let’s delve into the basic rules of darts:

Dartboard Segments and Scoring

The dartboard is divided into different segments, each with its own point value. The outer ring is the double ring, and the inner ring is the triple ring. Hitting the outer bullseye scores 25 points, while the inner bullseye scores 50 points.

Starting the Game

To determine the player order, each player throws one dart at the bullseye. The player with the dart closest to the bullseye goes first. Players take turns throwing three darts each, aiming to score points and reduce their starting score.

Scoring in Darts

Players aim to score points by hitting specific segments on the dartboard. The score is subtracted from the starting total, and the game continues until a player reaches zero by hitting a double or the bullseye.

Perfecting Your Throw: Technique and Practice

Your throwing technique is crucial for consistent and accurate gameplay. Let’s break down the elements of a successful throw:

Stance and Balance

Stand with your dominant foot forward and your body at a slight angle to the dartboard. Distribute your weight evenly and maintain good balance throughout your throw.

Grip and Release

Find a grip that feels comfortable and secure. The three main grip styles are the pencil grip, the claw grip, and the fingertip grip. Experiment with each to see which one suits you best. As you release the dart, focus on a smooth and controlled motion.

Aiming and Targeting

Focus your gaze on the specific segment you want to hit, rather than the entire dartboard. Visualize your dart hitting the target and trust your muscle memory to guide your throw.

Practice Strategies for Skill Improvement

Practice Strategies for Skill Improvement

Solo Practice Drills

Practice on your own to improve your consistency and accuracy. Set specific targets on the dartboard and aim to hit them consistently. As you progress, challenge yourself with more advanced drills.

Playing with Friends

Organize friendly matches with friends or family members. Friendly competition adds an element of fun and motivation to your practice sessions. Try playing different games and formats to keep things interesting.

Joining a Darts League

If you’re looking to take your darts skills to the next level, consider joining a local darts league. Leagues provide regular opportunities to compete against players of varying skill levels and gain valuable experience.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Even beginners can quickly improve by avoiding common pitfalls:

Overthrowing and Underthrowing

Finding the right amount of force for your throw is crucial. Overthrowing can lead to inaccurate shots, while underthrowing may result in weak and inconsistent throws. Practice finding the right balance.

Inconsistent Grip

Maintaining a consistent grip is essential for accurate throws. Experiment with different grip styles and practice until you find a grip that feels natural and consistent.

Focusing Solely on Scoring

While scoring is important, don’t neglect strategic play. Positioning your darts strategically on the board can set you up for better scoring opportunities in subsequent rounds.

Etiquette and Sportsmanship in Darts

Playing darts is not just about skill; it’s also about good sportsmanship and respect for your opponents. Here’s how to conduct yourself on and off the oche:

Respecting the Game

Treat the game and your opponents with respect. Be courteous and avoid distracting behaviours while others are throwing.

Scoring Honesty

Honesty is essential in darts. Accurately score your throws, and if you’re unsure, consult your opponents for a fair resolution.

Shaking Hands and Congratulating Opponents

After a game, shake hands with your opponents and congratulate them on their performance. This gesture fosters a friendly and positive atmosphere in the darts community.


Congratulations, you’ve now gained a solid understanding of How to play darts for beginners! From setting up your dartboard to honing your throwing technique, you’re ready to step up to the oche with confidence. Remember, darts is not just a game of skill; it’s an opportunity to connect with others, improve your focus, and enjoy friendly competition. So gather your friends, practice your throws, and embark on a journey of dart-throwing excitement!


To throw a dart, start by gripping the dart between your thumb and the first two fingers. Then, raise your arm back and prepare to throw. When you are ready to release the dart, do so by quickly flicking your wrist forward while letting go of the dart.

The best way to grip a dart is to hold it lightly between your thumb and the first two fingers. You will also want to make sure that the dart is level with your index finger.

When aiming for the different areas of the board, it is important to keep in mind that the dart will usually drop slightly as it travels through the air. As such, you should aim slightly above the area you are trying to hit. For example, if you are aiming for the bullseye, you should aim for a spot just below the center of the board.

The official dartboard height is 7 feet 9 inches.

The official dartboard distance is 8 feet.

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